The high prevalence of all forms of malnutrition worldwide is a matter of great concern, and in African countries as well. Eastern Africa is one of the world sub-regions most affected by stunting, with a prevalence of 35%. At the same time, other forms of malnutrition prevail in Northern Africa, with high and increasing rates of overweight and obesity among children (11%) and adult (around 25%) populations. At the same time, anaemia among women of reproductive age has also reached the highest levels in Africa. Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is also widespread in sub-Saharan Africa, especially among children aged < 5 years (prevalence > 40%). VAD is associated with high mortality from Diarrhoeal diseases and measles.
Although malnutrition can manifest in multiple ways, the path to prevention to all its forms includes an adequate maternal diet, as well as nutritious, diverse, traditional and safe and tasty foods, in particular vegetables, in early childhood and beyond.
Thus the need to ensure that nutritious foods are accessible, affordable and desired for all citizens and in these two African sub-regions.